GIZ has been working in Armenia since early 1990s. In 2002, GIZ established an office in Yerevan.

The programme Integrated Biodiversity Management, South Caucasus (IBiS) is operating from 2015 to 2019. Armenia’s natural resources and its biodiversity are facing major challenges due to a lack of public awareness about sustainable management as well as poor coordination between actors. Climate change is exacerbating the problem. Our goal is to help the government and the local population find new strategies for managing Armenia’s biodiversity and ecosystem more sustainably.

IBiS pilot measures are being carried out in the provinces of Aragatsotn, Shirak and Syunik, and in two state forest enterprises in the country. Together, they cover roughly a quarter of the country's land area.

sample activities


Fifteen mountain municipalities in Shirak, Aragatsotn and Syunik regions are rehabilitating their degraded pastureland with the help of IBiS. Maps identify land threatened by erosion, enabling appropriate rehabilitation methods to be selected and piloted. These include fencing-in areas to support natural regeneration, afforestation activities, pasture rehabilitation and bioengineering measures to control erosion and to improve pasture conditions. This is the first time that afforestation is being carried out on community land.


  • Active involvement of local pasture users
  • Implementation of rehabilitation measures on more than 200 hectares of community owned land
  • Development of pasture management and pasture monitoring manuals for local actors
  • Improved pasture management is counteracting soil degradation



IBiS is supporting political partners in establishing intersectoral biodiversity management structures. This includes working with partner organisations like the Ministry of Nature Protection and the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Development on these issues:

  • Helping to provide better information for the integrated management of biodiversity and ecosystem services
  • How to raise policy makers’ awareness of the integration of ecosystem services into development planning and payment for ecosystem services

Additional capacity development measures include trainings, study tours and long-distance learning.


  • Development of an IT-based forest management and information system together with the Ministry of Nature Protection. The system provides a common database for its users: Armenia’s state forest management body, the state forest monitoring centre as well as the forest enterprises in whole Armenia. They can process and exchange information quicker and more sufficiently, making forest management easier.
  • Training advanced users to become in-house trainers and advocates of the IT-system.



IBiS is advising the Environmental Education Network (an association of more than 30 local and international organizations) and the Ministry of Education and Science on incorporating elements of environmental education into secondary school curricula. This will help the next generation of Armenians better understand the country’s biodiversity and how to preserve it.

IBiS also supports the Ministry of Nature Protection and their campaign to raise public environmental awareness and to train journalists and other multipliers.



A new Facebook-based platform supports long-term virtual exchange and dialogue between actors all over the region. IBiS is running the platform together with RECC, the Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus.




  • Partner Ministries
    • Ministry of Territorial Administration and Development
    • Ministry of Nature Protection
    • Ministry of Agriculture
  • State management bodies
    • Bioressources Management Agency
    • Foundation of Agricultural Development
    • “Hayantar” SNCO
    • “State Forest Monitoring Center” SNCO
  • Selected municipalities in northern and southern Armenia
  • Academic institutions
    • Yerevan State University (YSU)
    • Acopian Center for the Environment, American University of Armenia (AUA)
    • Armenian National Agrarian University (ANAU)
    • Public Administration Academy (PAARA)
  • Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)
    • "Environmental Sustainability Assistance Center" (ESAC)
    • Armenia Tree Project (ATP)
    • Strategic Development Agency (SDA)
    • “Towards Sustainable Ecosystems” (TSE)
    • Foundation for the Preservation of Wildlife and Cultural Assets (FPWC)
  • International organisations
    • United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
    • WWF
    • Swiss Development Cooperation
    • Transboundary Joint Secretariat (TJS)
    • Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus, REC Caucasus